A-Z List of Different Types of Flowers (Buying Guide)

Welcome to our ever-growing A-Z list of different types of flowers. Here you’ll find a quick reference guide to the common types of flowers that florists use, including what they’re used for, when they’re available, how long they last and what they cost.

At the bottom, we’ve also included buying tips and a FAQ section with answers to some commonly asked questions about flowers.

The information is intended as a sort of rough guide. Many flowers are grown out of season, too, but you can expect to pay less for them during their peak season.

All timeframes are for cut flowers unless otherwise specified, but how long cut flowers last will depend tremendously on how well someone cares for them.

What a flower is used for is also entirely dependent on what someone uses a flower for. We’ve given you some common uses for all the different flowers, but there is nothing to say that a marigold is not a wearable flower, or that you cannot have foxglove at a wedding.

We based our cost assessment on a range of wholesale prices available at the time of writing:

$ Under $2/stem  $$$ Between $4-6/stem
$$ Between $2-4/stem$$$$ Over $6/stem

Actual costs will vary by species, supplier, season and by the number of flowers you buy.

Different Types of Flowers


Alstroemeria (Alstroemeria)

alstroemeria - a-z list of different flowers

Description: These delicate blooms, with characteristic spots and stripes on their centre petals, come in a range of colours, both soft and bold.

Season: Summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, container garden

How Long it Lasts: 2 weeks

Cost: $

Amaryllis (Hippeastrum)

amaryllis - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Large and dramatic, amaryllis comes in a range of warm colours, as well as white. It typically blooms once a year, over the winter holidays.

Season: Winter

Uses: Potted plant, holiday gift, cut arrangements, wedding bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 2-3 weeks

Cost: $$$

Anemones (Anemone)

anemone - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Anemones feature dark or yellow centres and beautifully ruffled petals in white, pinks, red, purples and yellow. They’re reminiscent of poppies, but last longer.

Season: Spring

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, bridal bouquets, wedding arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 3-5 days

Cost: $$

Asters (Astereae)

asters - a-z list of different flowers

Description: With their yellow centres, asters share the daisy’s cheery disposition, but their flower shapes can vary dramatically. They’re found in white, pinks, purples, blues and red.

Season: Late summer, fall

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 5-10 days

Cost:   $

Azaleas (Rhododendron)

azalea - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: These hardy shrubs bloom in just about every colour. Their flowers are generally funnel shaped and full, set off against darker leaves.

Season: Spring, although some varieties bloom later

Uses: Cut arrangements, container plant, potted plant

How Long it Lasts: 2-3 days

Cost: $$

Baby’s Breath (Gypsophila)

baby's breath - a-z list of different flower types

Description: These iconic, small white blooms were long used only as filler around showier flowers. They’ve developed loyal admirers, however, who appreciate the delicate sprays.

Season: Summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, bridal bouquets, wedding arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 5-10 days

Cost: $

Begonias (Begonia)

begonia - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Begonias are a diverse flower, with single or double blooms in white, pinks, yellows, oranges or reds. Leaves are green or bronze, often glossy.

Season: Summer to fall

Uses: Container plant, potted plant, cut arrangement

How Long it Lasts: 10-14 days

Cost: $

Billy Buttons (Pycnosorus)

billy buttons - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Formerly known as Craspedia globosa, these golden-yellow globes bring cheerful contrast and interest to arrangements and bouquets.

Season: Spring-summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 5-7 days

Cost: $

Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia)

black-eyed susans - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Bright yellow petals surround the dark brown centres of this wildflower. The native plant has a daisy-like shape, but different species offer a variety of shades, sizes and forms.

Season: Summer to fall

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, bridal bouquets, wedding arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 10 days

Cost: $

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)

bleeding heart - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Long, graceful sprigs of heart-shaped flowers are the bleeding heart’s most beloved characteristics. These unmistakeable flowers come in pinks, red and white.

Season: Spring

Uses: Bouquet, cut arrangement

How Long it Lasts: 14 days

Cost: $

Bluebells (Hyacinthoides)

bluebells - a-z list of different flowers

Description: These flowers live up to their name, with blue-purple hues and small, bell shaped blooms ranging up a delicate stalk. The flowers have a lovely fragrance.

Season: Spring

Uses: Bouquet, cut arrangement

How Long it Lasts: 7 days

Cost: $

Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea)

bougainvillea - a-z list of different flower types

Description: These profuse bloomers are usually admired not for their flowers, but for their showy bracts, which turn hues of yellow, orange, pink, purple and white, often several times a year.

Season: Spring, summer, fall

Uses: Container garden, cut arrangement

How Long it Lasts: 4 days

Cost: $$

Calla Lilies (Zantedeschia aethiopica)

calla lilies - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: The calla lily’s iconic flower comes in white, yellow, orange, pinks and purples on a long, elegant stalk. Leaves are also long and graceful.

Season: Summer

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, wedding bouquets, wedding designs, container plant

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 weeks

Cost: $$$

Camellias (Camellia)

camellia - a-z list of different flowers

Description: These full, beautiful blooms range from white to pinks to reds. There are many varieties, which lend a lot of choice in terms of flower size and shape.

Season: Spring, fall

Uses: Container plant, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 4 days

Cost: $$

Carnations (Dianthus caryophyllus)

carnation - a-z list of different flower types

Description: The many cultivars of carnation give this flower a wide variety of colours. Each features full, fringed petals and a single flower per stem.

Season: Year-round

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 weeks

Cost: $

Celosia (Celosia)

blue celosia - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Celosia adds drama and flair to any arrangement, with its bright colours and flamboyant forms reminiscent of plumes or coral.

Season: Summer-fall

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 2 weeks

Cost: $

Coneflowers (Echinacea)

coneflower - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: This wildflower features a prominent centre and flat petals on a strong stem. The most common colour is purple, but newer varieties offer yellow, red and white, as well.

Season: Summer to fall

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 weeks

Cost: $

Chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum)

chrysanthemums - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: This rich, full flower is many-petalled, round in shape and can be large or small. Their warm palette of colours is a classic sign of fall.

Season: Fall

Uses: Container plant, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: Up to 5 weeks

Cost: $

Clematis (Clematis)

clematis - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: The many species of this flowering vine offer different sizes, colours and even bloom times. Flowers tend to be showy, and can be single or double, bell-shaped or flat.

Season: Spring to fall, depending on variety

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 7-10 days

Cost: $$

Crocus (Crocus)

purple crocus - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: These spring-blooming bulbs feature smooth single flowers. Most species are small, and they’re most often found in shades of white, yellows and purples.

Season: Spring

Uses: Potted gift

How Long it Lasts: 2-5 weeks (potted)

Cost: $

Daffodils (Narcissus)

daffodils - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: The daffodil’s cheery flowers are a spring favourite. Set on long, elegant stems, their blooms come in many different sizes and many hues of yellow and white.

Season: Spring

Uses: Potted gift, bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 3-5 days

Cost: $

Daisies (Bellis perennis)

daisy - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Best known in their white-petaled form, daisies can also have pink or red petals around a yellow centre.

Season: Summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, bridal bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 7-10 days

Cost: $

Delphiniums (Delphinium)

delphinium - a-z list of different flowers

Description: Tall spikes of delphiniums, in gorgeous blues, purples, pinks and whites, are a summer favourite. Varieties can range from dwarf size to impressive heights.

Season: Summer

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 6-8 days

Cost: $

Dianthus (Dianthus)

dianthus - a-z list of different flowers

Description: Dianthus flowers vary widely depending on species. They can have single or double blooms, single flowers or clusters of flowers on each stem, and a bright array of colours.

Season: Spring to summer

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 2 weeks

Cost: $

Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis)

forget-me-not - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Charming masses of blue flowers with dainty yellow or white centers are the chief characteristic of this beloved small plant.

Season: Spring

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, wedding bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 5-6 days

Cost: $$

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)

foxglove - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Small, bell-like flowers run up the tall spires of this graceful plant. It ranges in shades from white to apricots, pinks and purples.

Season: Summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, wedding designs

How Long it Lasts: 7 days

Cost: $$

Freesias (Freesia)

freesias - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Freesias come in an astonishing array of colours. Their graceful stems support sprays of trumpet-shaped flowers that can be single or double blooms.

Season: Spring

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, wedding bouquet, wedding arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 3 weeks

Cost: $

Gardenias (Gardenia)

gardenia - a-z list of flower types

Description: The gorgeous white blooms of the gardenia contrast nicely with its deep, glossy leaves. Bloom sizes vary, but all share the classic gardenia fragrance.

Season: Summer

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, wedding bouquets, wedding arrangements, wearable flower

How Long it Lasts: 2-3 days

Cost: $$$$

Geraniums (Pelargonium)

geranium - a-z list of different types of flower

Description: Vibrant flower clusters are the most recognizable trait of the many geranium species. The flowers can be single or double and the leaves are sometimes variegated and striking.

Season: Spring to fall

Uses: Potted plant, potted gift, container plant

How Long it Lasts: All season (potted)

Cost: $

Gerberas (Gerbera)

gerbera - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Gerberas, often called gerbera daisies, share the daisy’s shape and can be found in a delightful range of bright, vibrant colours.

Season: Spring to fall

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, bridal bouquets, wedding arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 7-10 days

Cost: $

Gladiolas (Gladiolus)

gladiola - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Gladiolas feature large flowers on impressive spikes. With their lovely, sword-shaped leaves and enormous variety of colours, gladiolas are impressive beauties.

Season: Summer

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 10 days

Cost: $$

Heather (Calluna vulgaris)

heather - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: This fragrant evergreen shrub features wispy foliage and long flower spikes in the white and pink family.

Season: Summer/fall

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding designs, filler

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 weeks

Cost: $

Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

hibiscus - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Extra-large, ruffled blooms, a long floral tube and lovely, glossy leaves are the chief characteristics of this dramatic shrub.

Season: Summer

Uses: Container plant, cut arrangement, wearable flower

How Long it Lasts: 1-3 days

Cost: $$

Hostas (Hosta)

hosta - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: Better known for its foliage than its racemes of small flowers, the leaves of the hosta are broad and deeply veined. Leaves can be light, dark or variegated.

Season: Summer

Uses: Cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: Leaves last several weeks

Cost: $$

Hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla)

hydrangea - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Large bunches of small florets in white, pink, purple, blue and even green contrast with this bush’s lovely, dark foliage.

Season: Spring/summer

Uses: Potted gift, cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding designs, wedding bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 2-3 days

Cost: $$

Hypericum Berry (Hypericum androsaemum)

pink hypericum berries - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Hypericum berries are a popular addition to arrangements. You can find them in rich reds, peaches, pinks, browns, whites and greens.

Season: Summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, holiday arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 weeks

Cost: $

Impatiens (Impatiens)

impatiens - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Small on size, but big on colour, the warm and pastel hues of the impatiens make it a beloved summer flower. Some varieties feature double blooms.

Season: Summer

Uses: Container plant

How Long it Lasts: All season (potted)

Cost: $

Iris (Iris)

iris - a-z different kinds of flowers

Description: This spring flower boasts many cultivars of many heights and colours. White, yellow and purples are the most common, but blue, pink, orange and bi-colour varieties exist.

Season: Spring

Uses: Potted gift, cut arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 5-10 days

Cost: $

Jasmine (Jasminum officinale)

jasmine - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Jasmine’s small, white, delicate flowers are best known for their lingering scent.

Season: Spring-fall

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, potted gift, hanging basket

How Long it Lasts: 7 days

Cost: $

Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)

kalanchoe - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: This succulent is widely popular for its large, glossy leaves and bright, cheerful flowers. The flowers come in many bold colours, and last for months.

Season: Spring, fall

Uses: Potted plant, holiday gift, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 6 months (potted)

Cost: $$$

Laurel (Laurus)

pink laurel - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Most famous for its fragrant leaves, laurel shrubs and trees feature glossy, leathery foliage and flowers that range from white to yellows to pinks and reds.

Season: Spring

Uses: Container plant, potted gift, potted plant, greenery for bouquets, edible plant

How Long it Lasts: Leaves last several weeks

Cost: $$$

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

lavender - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Grayish-green foliage sets off lavender’s long stems and clusters of fragrant, purple flowers.

Season: Summer

Uses: Potted gift, cut arrangements, bouquets, dried

How Long it Lasts: 10 days

Cost: $$

Lilac (Syringa)

purple lilac - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Lilacs are as famous for their gorgeous scent as for their blooms. White, pink, blue and purple clusters of blossoms adorn these shrubs and small trees.

Season: Spring

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, bridal bouquets, wedding arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 3-4 days

Cost: $$$

Lilies (Lilium)

orange and yellow lily - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Many species of many colours can be found under this genus. Lilies typically feature large, fragrant petals with prominent stamens.

Season: Year-round

Uses: Potted gift, cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding designs, wedding bouquets, holiday gift

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 weeks

Cost: $$

Lisianthus (Eustoma)

purple and white lisianthus - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: These long-stemmed elegant flowers can feature single or double blooms. Ruffled petals come in a variety of pinks, purples and blues as well as white.

Season: Summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, bridal bouquets, weddings arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 10-14 days

Cost: $$

Lotus (Nelumbo)

lotus - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: These stunning aquatic flowers have an iconic, many-petalled shape, and come in a surprising range of colours. The large flowers are showy, but not long-lasting.

Season: Summer

Uses: Wedding arrangements, cut arrangements, wearable flower

How Long it Lasts: up to 24 hours

Cost: $$

Magnolia (Magnolia)

magnolias - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Large, fragrant blooms are the hallmark of this iconic flowering tree. Their shapes and sizes vary between species, and their colours range from white to yellows to pinks.

Season: Spring to summer

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements, bridal bouquets, wedding arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 7 days

Cost: $$

Marigolds (Tagetes)

marigolds - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: With a warm colour palette and a full, ruffled flower, cheerful marigolds are a summer garden staple. Size varies depending on variety.

Season: Summer

Uses: Container garden, potted gift, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 7 days

Cost: $

Morning Glories (Ipomoea)

morning glory - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: These climbing plants feature trumpet shaped flowers in white, blues, pinks, red and purples. Their charming, heart-shaped leaves offer beautiful contrast.

Season: Summer to fall

Uses: Container garden, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 1 day

Cost: $

Orchids (Orchidaceae)

orchid - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Belonging to the largest family of flowers, orchids come in a delightfully wide range of colors, sizes and characteristics.

Season: Year-round

Uses: Potted gift, cut arrangements, wedding designs, wedding bouquets, boutonnieres and corsages

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 weeks

Cost: $$$$

Pansies (Viola)

pansies - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Pansies come in about any colour you could think of. Its flat petals with their rounded edges range in size, depending on variety.

Season: Spring

Uses: Container garden, potted gift, cut arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 7-10 days

Cost: $

Passionflower (Passiflora)

passionflower - a-z list of different flower types

Description: This striking flower features a fringe of petals around a prominent and complex centre. Passionflowers vary in size, as well as colour, but white and purple are most common.

Season: Summer

Uses: Container plant

How Long it Lasts: 1 day (on the vine)

Cost: $$$

Peonies (Paeonia)

peonies - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: These shrubs produce lovely foliage and double-bloomed flowers that can be 5 to 7 inches across. The blooms come in white, pinks, red, and yellow.

Season: Spring to summer

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, bridal bouquets, wedding arrangements, wearable flower

How Long it Lasts: 5 days

Cost: $$$

Petunias (Petunia)

petunias - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: These flowers produce a wealth of trumpet-shaped blooms in varying sizes. Petunias come in an astonishing range of solid and patterned colours – even black.

Season: Spring to fall

Uses: Container garden, potted gift

How Long it Lasts: All season (potted)

Cost: $

Phlox (Phlox paniculata)

phlox - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Garden phlox boasts masses of flowers in pinks, purples, blues, red and white. It’s tall and upright, with a lovely fragrance.

Season: Summer

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 7 days

Cost: $$

Plumeria (Plumeria)

plumeria - a-z list of different flower types

Description: More widely known as lei flowers, or frangipani, plumeria bloom in white, pinks, red, orange and yellow. Their leaves are dark and glossy, making for a lovely contrast.

Season: Spring to fall

Uses: Cut arrangements, wearable flower

How Long it Lasts: 3-4 days

Cost: $

Poinsettias (Euphorbia pulcherrima)

poinsettias - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: This holiday favourite has small, unremarkable flowers, but large bracts that come in crimson, white, pink and newer bicolour varieties.

Season: Winter

Uses: Holiday gift

How Long it Lasts: 4-6 weeks (potted)

Cost: $

Poppies (Papaver)

poppies - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: Poppies are prolific bloomers, with the look of crepe-paper flowers on long, slender stems. The colours, as well as the size of the flowers, are diverse.

Season: Spring to summer

Uses: Container plant, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 2-3 days

Cost: $

Primrose (Primula polyantha)

primrose - a-z list of different types of flowers

Charming clusters of flowers with bright yellow centres are the distinctive feature of this compact plant. Wide array of colours.

Season: Spring

Uses: Potted gift, container plant

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 days (potted)

Cost: $$ per plant

Protea (Protea)

protea - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: The unique flowers of the protea are surrounded by vibrantly coloured bracts. Colours include white, pinks, reds, yellows and oranges, many with attractive edging.

Season: Fall to winter (in the southern hemisphere)

Uses: Cut arrangements, wedding arrangements, bridal bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 10-14 days

Cost: $$$

Ranunculus (Ranunculus)

ranunculus - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Many species of flower come under the genus Ranunculus. The most popular for florists feature delicate double-blooms in warm colours on elegant stems.

Season: Winter/spring

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding designs, wedding bouquets, boutonnieres and corsages

How Long it Lasts: 10-12 days

Cost: $

Roses (Rosa)

pink roses - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Although many species of rose exist, each with different characteristics, the most popular are fragrant, large, full-petaled flowers on a single stem.

Season: Year-round

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding designs, wedding bouquets, boutonnieres

How Long it Lasts: 7 days

Cost: $$

Scabiosa (Scabiosa)

white scabiosa - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Tall and charming, scabiosa’s distinctive pincushion shape blooms in shades of blues and pinks, as well as white and darker purples.

Season: Summer

Uses: Bouquets, wedding bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 7-10 days

Cost: $

Snapdragons (Antirrhinum)

snapdragons - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: Snapdragons feature tall, strong racemes with multiple flowers in a huge array of colours, from pastels to deeper, velvety hues.

Season: Spring to fall

Uses: Container garden, cut arrangements, bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 7-10 days

Cost: $

Sunflowers (Helianthus annuus)

sunflower - a-z list of different flower types

Description: Large and bold, these flowers classically have a sunny yellow fringe and a dark brown or yellow centre, although varieties in colour and size exist.

Season: Summer/fall

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding designs, wedding bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 5-12 days

Cost: $

Sweet Peas (Lathyrus odoratus)

sweet peas - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: These charming blooms, with their delicate, climbing stems, range in colour from white to yellow to red to pinks, purples and blue.

Season: Summer to fall

Uses: Cut arrangements, wedding arrangements, bouquets, bridal bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 4-5 days

Cost:   $

Tulips (Tulipa)

tulips - a-z list of different flower types

Description: There are many species and varieties of tulip with smooth or fringed petals, single or double blooms, long or compact stems and about any colour one could wish for.

Season: Spring

Uses: Cut arrangements, potted gift, bouquets, wedding designs, wedding bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 10 days

Cost: $

Violets (Viola odorata)

violets - a-z list of different kinds of flowers

Description: Wild violets are compact plants with heart-shaped foliage. The flowers are small and open, and are found in purple, white and yellow hues.

Season: Spring

Uses: Container garden

How Long it Lasts: 1-2 months (potted)

Cost: $

Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda)

wisteria - a-z list of different flower types

Description: This vine features pendant clusters of florets in white, pink, violet and blue. The fragrant flowers open from top to bottom.

Season: Spring

Uses: Cut arrangements, bouquets, wedding designs, wedding bouquets

How Long it Lasts: 7-10 days

Cost: $$

Zinnias (Zinnia)

zinnia - a-z list of different types of flowers

Description: Bright and cheerful, the rainbow colours of the zinnia are unmatched. Its many species offer a variety of heights and flower forms.

Season: Summer to fall

Uses: Bouquets, cut arrangements

How Long it Lasts: 7-12 days

Cost:   $

Buying Tips


Here are some quick tips to making sure your flowers will bloom when you
need them to, stay healthy and last a longer time.

First, consider when you’ll need your flowers to be fully open. Buds that are tight could take up a week to bloom, depending on the species. On the other hand, flowers that are fully open are at their literal peak and it will all be downhill from that moment on. Plan your flower purchases with any specific timelines in mind.

Second, buy locally and seasonally if you can. Local flowers will be fresher,
while seasonal flowers will be accustomed to the outdoor temperatures they’ll encounter whenever you need to transport them. They’ll need less protection from the elements and will be hardier if they encounter them.

Third, always inspect your flowers for freshness before you buy to ensure
that they’ll be long lasting. Fortunately, checking that the flowers you’re
purchasing are healthy and fresh is simple. The first step is to check visually
for wilting, drying, transparency or discoloration on the flowers and leaves.
Avoid flowers that are brown or black around the edges, are bruised or have brown spots on the petals.

Look at the petal count, and also at the vibrancy of the leaves. Avoid
flowers whose leaves are browning, wilting or spotted. Inspect the stems for
signs that leaves have wilted off. If leaves were removed, they should have
been trimmed off cleanly.

Also look over the length and straightness of the stems. Avoid stems that
are broken or bent, or any that are turning yellow or brown. Look for stem
fraying, as well—it’s a sign that the stems were not cut well and won’t last as
long.

You can also check a flower’s freshness by touching it. The flower bud
should be firm but not too tight. Stems should also feel sturdy and be firm to
the touch when you gently squeeze them. There shouldn’t be any damage to the stems. Be sure to feel the bottom of the stems for fraying or other signs of
wear.

If after reading this guide to the many different kinds of flowers, you’re
still stuck on which type of flower to choose, talk to your florist. They know
literally all of the flowers and will have great ideas on the exact right ones
to send.

Frequently Asked Questions


 

How many types of flowers are there?

 

Biologist Wayne P. Armstrong explains that the “total number of described species exceeds 250,000.” It might not be possible to pin down exactly how many flowering species exist, however.

Many species, Armstrong says, “are as yet unnamed.” The Royal Society adds that unnamed species are probably “overwhelmingly rare and local, and disproportionately in biodiversity hotspots, where there are high levels of habitat destruction.”

So the number could fluctuate both ways—increasing as scientists name more species and decreasing as rare species (whether named or not) are destroyed forever.

 

What types of flowers are edible?

 

Some edible flowers include: angelica, begonia, bergamot (beebalm), calendula, clover, cornflower, dandelions, day lilies, dianthus, English daisies, fuchsia, hollyhock, honeysuckle, hyssop, impatiens, lavender, marigolds, nasturtiums, pansies, primrose, roses, sunflowers and violets.

The flowers of many vegetables and herbs are edible, too, including: arugula, basil, borage, chamomile, chervil, chicory, chives, cilantro, dill, fennel, garlic, mint, peas, pumpkins, rosemary, safflower, sage, scarlet runner beans, squashes and zucchini.

Be careful of flowers that have been sprayed with pesticides—if you want to eat flowers that come from a nursery, find organically grown options.

 

How many types of flowers in a bouquet?

 

There’s no limit to how many types of flowers you should put in a bouquet. The number of different types you include depends on the look you’re going for. Many bouquets are made of a single flower and look amazing—roses, for example, but also hydrangeas, sunflowers, carnations or lilacs.

Mixed bouquets could include two, three or many different flowers. Informal wildflower bouquets, for instance, could have a dozen different flower types. The trick is to blend them together so there’s enough contrast to be interesting but enough similarity that the whole bouquet appears unified.

 

What types of flowers do hummingbirds like?

 

Some hummingbird favourites include: bee balm, butterfly bush, cardinal flowers, catmint, columbines, coral bells, daylilies, delphinium, foxgloves, hollyhocks, honeysuckles, hosta, hyssop, impatiens, irises, lilies, lupines, penstemon, petunias, phlox, salvia, scabiosa, verbena and zinnia.

 

 

Curious what the 20 most popular flowers are? Check out this article 20 Most Popular Flowers to find out

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The Florist Guide